Nonconvulsive status epilepticus caused by viral encephalitis: case report. Rodica Cozac1,2, Lilia Rotaru3 1„N. Testemitsanu“ University of Medicine and Pharmacy Chisinau, Republic of Moldova.
Uncommon Causes of Status Epilepticus.
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus should be considered in all children admitted to the hospital with acute unexplained encephalopathy, whether they have a history of epilepsy or not.
Status epilepticus (SE) is an epileptic seizure of greater than five minutes or more than one seizure within a five-minute period without the person returning to normal between them. Previous definitions used a 30-minute time limit.
Status epilepticus can be divided into two categories—convulsive and nonconvulsive, the latter of which is underdiagnosed.
7. Scholtes, FB, Renier WO, Meinardi, H. Non-convulsive status epilepticus: causes, treatment, and outcome in 65 patients. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1996; 61: 93-95. 8. Kaplan PW. No, some types of nonconvulsive status epilepticus cause little permanent neurologic sequelae.
The outlook for this type of status may vary depending on the cause of the emergency and if other medical problems or complications occur.
The uncommon causes of status epilepticus: A Systematic Review. R.Y.L. Tan, A. Neligan, S.D. Shorvon. ∗ UCL Institute of Neurology, United Kingdom Received
This report discusses the differential diagnosis of postictal stupor, nonconvulsive status epilepticus with tonic seizures and sedation caused by the emergency treatment of status epilepticus, and summarizes the literature on tonic seizures and tonic status epilepticus.
Etiology. Common causes of status epilepticus are summarized in Table 12-2.14 Be-sides these common etiologies there are many rare