Epileptic seizures, status epilepticus and/or epilepsy were the cause of 621 deaths, corresponding to 0.7% of the total number of deaths, thus, the year of 2007 presented the highest number of cases – 101/621 (16.3%) ( Fig.
► Cause of death.
Status epilepticus (SE) is an epileptic seizure of greater than five minutes or more than one seizure within a five-minute period without the person returning to normal between them. Previous definitions used a 30-minute time limit.
Status epilepticus is generally defined as a single or multiple seizures lasting greater than 30 minutes. If appropriate therapy is delayed, SE can cause permanent neurologic sequela or death, so you should assume that any child who presents actively convulsing is in status epilepticus.
The causes of death vary depending on the age of the patient, presence of medical complications, duration of the uncontrollable seizures, and the underlying cause of the status epilepticus.
In the current study, we followed-up a cohort previously ascer-tained during a surveillance study of convulsive status epilepticus in childhood. After determining the survival status of the cohort members, we dened cause of death as that listed on their death certicates.
The main causes of death were severe sepsis (8 patients, 53.3%), cerebral anoxia (5 patients, 33.3%), hyperkalemia and acute respiratory failure (1 patient each, 6.7%).
BEL_Inhalt_2_2009 26.05.2009 11:50 Uhr Seite 55. In 1959 Richard Hunter published the first complete review on Status Epilepticus (SE) . In his paper, he re-ported the first population-based data on SE as a cause of death.
In children, the main cause of status epilepticus is an infection with a fever.
An obvious medical cause of death was not found. (Comment: The criteria aimed to exclude accidental deaths due to seizures but included death with or without evidence of a